Deg xiqi xinatr’iditlghusr Conversational Deg Xinag

Chenh da’ 10/23/01 class

A\ixi antr’ixixidili’anh. We learn with each other.

Student measurable goals: Donna >My main goal will be to learn some more verb forms - pres., perf. , future in all persons.  I'll try for 10 new ones. ( Does she mean 10 new words or 18 verb forms for 10 verbs?!!!)


Ade’. [Hello]

Ndadz dengit’a? [How are you?]

Ngidenax? [And you?]

Ndagh dhedo? [Where are you?] answer: “…dhisdo.”

Q’iydong ndagh ghingdo’? [Where were you yesterday?] “ …ghisdo.”

Venhdida’ ndagh tedo\? [Where will you be tomorrow?]   “…tasdo\” [I will be in…]

Ni’egh ndadz dixet’a?[How’s the weather?]

Q'iydong ndadz dixighet'a'? [What was the weather yesterday?]

Dran ndadz dangit’an’? [What did you do today?] 

Ndadz ditet’e\. [What are you going to do tomorrow?] Find out the future form of the verb that you want.  …q’otasineyh [I’ll be working at ....]


Further away

(Xitsi taso\ siyi\ gitigho\ togho\)




Museum nidhiso.

I went to a museum.

Nganh q’idz go’edaghol siyi\ togho\??.

I went by car.

Si’otr diliquth.

My daughter is coughing?

Quth xelanh

Its cloudy.

I\ yoth.

It’s snowing.

Siyix ghisdo’.

I stayed home.

Gan iy?

Who is it???

Eq axa



Its good weather.

Q’idong I\ or ghi\ yoth?


What masks?



Xin xidithi tinh, he?

It froze?

Te yi\ dax.

Ice is still running.

Conversation between speakers:

QUESTIONS answered:

Soghi\ de’on.

It’s already dark.

Goga yozr ndadz dixet’a?

How are the babies?

Tthoggiy yi’idighon hiy dhidlodi

Museum old time made stuff

Ting xiliq’iyk??

(trail) Roads are slick.



I don’t know.


He/she doesn’t know. (The he/she form of verbs is the most basic.  What’s missing compared to the I form of this word?)

Xitsi tidhasol ts’in’.

AFN xitsi teho\, he?

Nda\on taso\.

I’m not going there.

Are you going to AFN?

Maybe I’ll go.

(What are the verbs in these sentences? What are the stems? What is the difference between ‘I will’ and ‘I won’t’?



Ndadz dene ___ deg xiq’i.

Time or place + q'i, = on or like the time or place

xiq'i  = as if

How do you say _ in Deg Xinag?



My friend , my relation

‘Isda’ nididong ningiyo’. (glottal stop at end of ningiyo’?)

My cousin when did you come? Men to men

Ughuda nididong ningiyo’. (Do we need to start with possessive person prefix as suggested below?)

 -ughuda' = cousin (male or female)

-ughuda' yozr = female cousin (respectful) 

-ghuda' = (woman's) *sister-in-law

My cousin when did you come? Women to women


Yixudz ditr’atone\.

Let’s all say it.(In this list I’ll try to note which phrases we practice around with. Let’s get used to using the phrase yixudz ditr’atone\ to suggest this practice.)


PHRASES we use this class:


Ni’egh Gileg:

Weather Song:


Xiyts’in’ nixinedhit.

Falltime has come.

A\ixi antr’ixixidili’anh. We learn with each other.

Dixudz inuxdatl. Gilixudz iy. Chenh ditral iy.