IñupiaQ to English

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aa   ab   ae   af   ag   ai   ak   al   am   an   ap   aq   ar   as   at   au   av   ay   f   g   h   ib   ic   ie   if   ig   ii   ij   ik   il   im   in   ip   iq   ir   is   it   iv   ix   iy   ka   ki   ku   l   ma   mi   mu   pa   pi   pu   qa   qi   qu   sa   si   su   ta   ti   tu   ua   ub   uf   ug   ui   uk   ul   um   un   up   uq   ur   us   ut   uu   uv   uy  
saa body front
saa huh! What's that? Eh?
saagaqtuq carries by hand, by arm
saatkaaq shotgun (K)
saattuq turn to face someone
saattuq is thin
saattuq faces him
saavittuq launches a boat in chase, comes forward
saavittuq launches in pursuit of sea mammal, steps forward from a group
sabliaqtuq holds baby on knee
sablupkutaq appendix (N)
sabvabaa flows swiftly over it
sabvabiksuq flows swiftly
sabvaq tifmiaq harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
sabvaqtuq flows
sabvaqtuq flows
sabviqsuq comes into view, is revealed (K)
saffiruq is strong (K)
safiaktuq is jealous (suspecting marital unfaithfulness)
safniruq is strong (N)
safutkaa gossips about him
sagluruq lies, prevaricates
sagluruq lies, prevaricates
sagluuraqtuq joking by telling false stories
sagviqsuq appears, becomes plain, obvious
sagviruq is open, is obvious
saibuuq (6) central stringer (6)

saiebisuktuq is chagrined
saiebitchaktuq regrets
saigut cache on the ground
saiyu tea
saiyutubvik tea pot (K)

sakiagich breast bone (sternum)
sakiak breast bone
sakjaqtuq shouts (N)
sakma in front of (closer to entrance than speaker) (K)
sakuuktuq works hard (K)
salapqiqsuq comes into view, is revealed (N)
salapqiqsuq reveals, appears (N)
salikkuqtuq sweeps (q)
salikkuun broom (q)
sallisik scissors
salumaitchuq is dirty, unclean
salumaitchuq is dirty
salumaruq is clean
salumaruq is clean
salummabaa cleanses it
salummaun cleanness, holiness (N)
samaffa from down there (N)
samakfa from down there
samani located down there
samaniittuq is down there (out of sight)
samma let's see!
samma down there, downriver, oceanward, in front of
samna the one down there, the one there in front
samufa towards down there
samufaqtuq travels downriver, travels coastward
samuuna through or along down there
sanalbun tool (K)
sanalbun tool (N)
sanaturuq is skilled
sanfiyaqtuq sweeps (K)
sanfiyautit broom (K)
sanfuruq is dusty, dirty
sanibaagun (12) crossed ropes (12)

sanibaq side
saniqqak both sides
sanlubuvik tool kit (N)
sannibutaq cross (K)

sannibutaq cross beam
sanniqsaq log cabin (q)
sanuqibaa puts siding on it (house)
sapibaa is difficult (K)
sapibeaitchuq is easy
sapibeaqsiruq is difficult (K)
sapibnajhaaqtuq is stronger
sapibnaqtuq is strong, mighty (N)
sapiruq blocks it (one's way)
saqalataayiq tree squirrel, red squirrel (Sciurur hudsonicus) (K)
saqjataiyaq tree squirrel, red squirrel (Sciurur hudsonicus) (N)
saqsakiq common redpoll (Acanthis flammea) hoary redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni)
saqufaruq is crooked, bent
sarri ice pack
sassaq clock, watch, hour (Russian loan) (K)
sassaq hour, watch, clock (Russian loan word) (K, q)
satkut hunting equipment, weapons
satkuun ammunition case (N)
satqagiixaq buff-breasted sandpiper (Tryngites subsuficollis) (lit. rough breasted)

satqak chest
satqak chest
satqatiktaaq egg white (N)
satubaa obtains it back, redeems it (K)
satubaa ransomed, redeemed him (K)
saumik left side
sauniq bone

sauniq bone

sautaaq anchor for trap or snare
savafaruq he worked
savafniqsutin you are working (lit. in state of working)
savafniqsutin is tired of working
savafniuraqtuq is doing what work he can!
savagniuraaqtuq is doing what work he can!
savagnixuktuq is trying to work
savagvigigaa works for him
savagviksraq time for work
savaieeaqpata Sunday, Sabbath (N)
savaieeiq Sabbath (N)
savakkaa works it
savakpagitchuq is working so much
savakpaitchuq is working so much
savaksimaruq is working
savaktaksrabigiga I have to work on it
savaktaksrauruq must be worked
savakti worker
savaktillautaq a good worker
savaktitlufa while I work
savaktuksrauruq has to work
savaktuq works
savaktuq works, makes
savaktuq pisuqtilaaqtiktun is working as much as possible
savallautaqtuq is working well
savapajjuktuq is working poorly (ineffectively)
savapaluktuq is working much (hard)
savapiabataqtuq is working extremely hard
savapiallaktuq is working quite hard
savapiaqtuq is really working
savautigaa serves him
savayuitchuq is working poorly
savibuq ice crystals in air (K)
saviibaviiq gray-cheeked thrush (Hylocichla minima)
savik knife
savik hunting knife
savik knife
saviksraq iron (K)
saviksuqtuq uses a knife
saviohaaq iron (N)
savitkaa feels it, touches it
savituruq sly, foxy (K, N)
savvakturuq is always working diligently
sayaiqsuq fainted
sayaitchuq is weak
sayakturuq is strong, healthy
sayakturuq is healthy, strong
sialukkattaqtuq scattered rain showers
sialuktuq is raining (N, n)
siamittuq spreads, scatters
siatqiksuq is straight (as of a board)
sibbaqiruq is difficult, laborious
sibbaqtuq works hard (N)
sibeiksrauruq is devoted
sibxibnaitchuq is easy (N)
sibxibnaitchuq is easy, not difficult (N)
sibxibnaqtuq is difficult (N)
sibxiqiraqtuq works hard, is difficult
sibxuaq underground cache, cold storage
sieaa shore (it's edge)
sieeaktuq dream
sieeaktuqtuq dreams
siei fur ruff of parka (K)
sieibeiq ankle joint (N)
sieigvik bed (lit. sleeping place)
sieiksraaqtuq goes around visiting from house to house, collects food for the poor from house to house (K)
sieiktuq sleeps
sifaiyauruq is pregnant (N)
siffiq any large arm or leg muscle
sifibeiq ankle joint (K)
sifiq boot strap (N)

sifiq boot strap (K)

sifiqsuq ties mukluk strap
sifutlulluuq varied thrush (Ixoreus naevius)
sigearuq is greedy (N)
sigeataitchuq is generous (not stingy) (N)
sigguk one mandible (N)
sigguuk beak, bill (N)

sii sheefish (Stenodus leucichthys nelma)
siibeaaqtuq is sweet
siibruktuq hisses, whistles (of wind, gas stove or lantern)
siibxanfuliqsuq has a sour stomach (N)
siibxanfuruq has a sour stomach (K)
siiksuq is cutting fish (for drying)
siilik northern pike (Esox lucius) (q)
siimaktuq argues (N)
siimaktuq is arguing heatedly
siiqsipkaqtuq sweats (K)
siiyukpaligauraq dunlin, red-backed sandpiper (Erolia alpina pacifica)
siiyukpalik long-billed dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
sikearuq is greedy (K)
sikeataitchuq is generous (not stingy) (K)
sikiruq moves head forward and down
sikiruq moves head forward and down
sikkaa shoots it, hits it (K)
sikoaq pickaxe (N)
siksaqtuq tries to shoot, tries to hit (K)
siksi bow (K)
siksrik ground squirrel (Citellus parryi)
siksrikpak hoary marmot (Marmota caligata)
siku ice
siku (2) runner rod, runner base (2)

sikuibvik ice break-up time
sikuibvik May (lit. ice break-up time) (K)
sikuiefaan before it froze
sikukjaq hailstone
sikuliaq ice thick enough to walk on
sikuliqiruq is in process of break-up
sikuliuraq new formed ice
sikuq bit
sikuq (2) runner rod, runner base (2) (K)

sikuvik October (lit. ice time) (K)
simik diaphragm (K)
simmausiqsuq exchanges
simmibaa changes it, exchanges it
simmixibaa returns something borrowed
sipik caudal fin, fish tail
sippak something left over, surplus
sippun gun, rifle (K)
sipyaaq hip joint (K)
siqieaabiksuq sun shines
siqieaabiksuq sun is shining (N, K)
siqieaasrugruk January (lit. new sunshine) (K)
siqieaasugruk February (lit. longer sunshine) (N)
siqieaatchiaq December (lit. no sunshine) (K)
siqieaatchiaq January (lit.new sunshine) (N)
siqiebixaq December (lit. no sunshine) (N)
siqieburaq timepiece, clock (N)
siqieiq sun
siqieiq sun
siqijhatittuq slaps the water with his tail (beaver)
siqpiich eyelashes
siqquqtuq is opinionated, not easily persuaded (lit. is hard)
siqquqtuq is hard
siqsuruq is daring (strong), is enduring (persistent hunter) (N)
siqsuruq capable, enduring
siqunbipaktaqtuq blinks
siqunibaqtuq winks
siqupsiqqat Pleiades constellation
siquruq eyes are closed
siquruq goes to sleep, closes his eyes
siqusuktuq wants to go to bed
siquyaqtuquyumagaluabaa want him to go to bed
sisamakipiaq eighty
sisamakipiaq qulit ninety
sisamalik 8' x 10' wall tent (lit. with four, meaning four panels long) (K,q)
sisamat four
sisuaq beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) (K)
sisugaqtuq slides down a hill (N)
sisugiaqtuq baby has a wet burp
sisurabaaqtuq slides down a hill (K)
sisuruq
sisuuq snowslide, avalanche
sitquaq kneecap (patella)
sitquaq (5) rear flipper of seal, walrus (5)

sitquq kneecap (patella) (N)
sitquqsimanaqtuq is tragic
sitquqsimanaqtuq is "tied up in knots", tense because of impending unpleasantness
sitquqtuq kneels
sitxiq hard crusty snow (K)
siubruk pressure appliance, stove (N, K)
siulik northern pike (Esox lucius) (N)
siun ear

siun ear
siunfuraq ear cavity
siunfuraq ear cavity (N)

siutibun earpendant
siutik ears (2)
siutquraq ear cavity (K)

siutuquyuk mollusk, shell
siutuvak whimbrel (Numenius phaepus hudsonicus)
sivikitchuq is a short distance, is of short duration
sivisuruq is a long distance, is of long duration
sivruuraqtuq whispers
sivu front (bow of boat)
sivu (7) bow (7)

sivuani before (lit. at its front)
sivubabluk foreleg (K)
sivubat cutting teeth
sivubun (10) front bow (10)

sivukkiksuq sets a straight course
sivullibaa he leads him (lit. he is foremost to him)
sivulliq foreleg (lower section)
sivulliq first one, foremost one
sivuniksriqiri prophet
sivuniqtuuguuruq is obstinate (N)
sivunmuuruq is steadfast, continues on regardless (N)
sivunmuuruq is stubborn, continues on regardless (N)
sivunnibaa decides it, plans it
sivunniqsuq decides, plans
sivunniun plan, purpose, decision
sivutmuuruq is stubborn, continues on regardless (K)
sivutmuuruq is steadfast, continues on regardless (K)
sivutmuusruuruq is obstinate (K)
sivuubaruq fears the consequence (N)
sivviaq hip joint (N)
sixa weather, outside, atmosphere, air
sixaavyaq hotcake (pancake)
sixafiqsuq is carousing
sixagiitchuq is bad weather
sixagiksaaq blueness (K)
sixagiksuq is good weather
sixaluksiiyauraq myrtle warbler (Dentroica coronata) (lit. rain again)
sixaluktuq is raining (K)
sixaluktuq is bad weather (N)
sixaluktuq is rainy (K)
sixam ieua spirit governor of the atmosphere (lit. person of the air or sky)
sixbiksuqtuq is correcting one who wilfully erred
sixiktuq is wide (K)
Sixivigmiefaqtuq is coming from Selawik
Sixivigmiittuq is at Selawik
sixu carcass of a sea mammal drifted ashore
sixu jellyfish (K)
sixxie knife sharpener (emery stone)
sixxiq hard crusty snow (N)
siyyuk one mandible (K)
siyyuuk beak, bill (K)

siyyuum kipifaruq white-winged cross-bill (Loxia leucoptera)
su - question marker (N)
sua what?
suafaitchuq is weak
suafaruq is strong
suaktuq scolds
suammaktuq is enduring (N)
suammaktuq revitalized (as: engine works better, workers more diligent)
subaliq thing, wealth, treasure (N)
subaq blueberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) (sh)
subliq horned grebe (Podiceps auritus)
sublitchauraq red-necked grebe (Podiceps grisegena)
sublu nasal cavity

subluq nasal passage, nose cavity
subruich a group of fighters, war party
subuktuq wrestles
sufaaqtaaq greenness
sufaaqtuq is green
sufabnitchuq is bitter
sufaq gall bladder
sufaqpaluktufiq arctic warbler (Phylloscopus borealis) yellow warbler (Dentroica petechia)
sufaqtaaq green
sufauraaqtaaq blueness (N)
sukaitchuq is slow
sukattuq is fast
sukkitchuq gets a thorn or tack into his flesh
sukpaluk sound
suksraabaa gives up on it, forsakes him
suksraunbiqsuq is destroyed
sukun how, by which way?
suli and (used in an additive sense, contrasts with aasii/aasrii)
suliqaa anything
suliqutigifaiqsuq forgives, ignores
suliqutigifaiqsuq forgives, (ignores, overlooks) (N)
suliuqtuq is cooking
suliva what is he making?
suluk wing feather
suluktaatchialik bohemian waxwing (Bombicylla garrulus) (lit. with pretty wing feathers)

suluktuqtuq brushes clothes
suluppaugaq grayling (Thymalus signifer)
suluun dorsal fin
sumi where?
sumie from whence?
summan why?
sumuliqaa anywhere
sumun to where?
suna what?
supiruq blows (of a person), rushes (of a stream during break-up)
supiruq flows, rushes (river at break-up)
suppugaaluk old rifle
suppun gun, rifle (N)
suppuqtabvia (4) blowhole (4)

suppuqtuq spurts out (of liquids under pressure)
suqqaq (3) baleen (3)

suqumitkaa broke it up, tore it to pieces (K)
suqutigaa takes notice of someone, pays attention to someone
susaqpich where are you trying to go?
suunaaba my friend (male to male)
suuramikuunii in no wise
suuraq thing, wealth, treasure (K)
suurimaanbiqsuq is not concerned for law or other people (N)
suvaata why?
suvaich fish eggs, spawn
suvaluk especially
suvich what do you want?
suvliktuq gushes out (as oil from a punctured drum)
suvlubvik May (lit. rivers flow) (N)
suxiqivich what are you doing?

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Dialect Note: (N) after a word or meaning indicates use in the North Slope villages, (K) after a word or meaning indicates use in the Kobuk River villages.