Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act


Name: Date:
Teacher: Grade

The Pretest is designed to find out what you already know about ANCSA. It will also help to show how much you learned when this unit is completed. It will not be used for grading purposes.

I. Multiple Choice

1. Which of the following was addressed by ANCSA?

  1. Settlement of lands claimed by Alaskan Natives
  2. Lands to be preserved as wilderness, or national interest lands
  3. Formation of Native corporations
  4. All of the above

2. Alaskan Native leaders went to the __________ in order to settle land claims.

  1. a. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  2. U.S. Congress
  3. State Government
  4. U.S. Court of Claims

3. There are _______ Native regional corporations.

  1. 12
  2. 7
  3. 200
  4. 13

4. There were approximately ________ village corporations established by ANCSA.

  1. 200
  2. 500
  3. 13
  4. 50

5. Alaskan Natives received title to ______ acres of land through ANCSA.

  1. 962.5 million
  2. 200 million
  3. 44 million
  4. 375 million

6. Alaskan Natives received _______ dollars from ANCSA.

  1. 1.5 billion
  2. 962.5 million
  3. 50 million
  4. 13.6 billion

7. You must be _____percent Alaskan Native or be considered an Alaskan Native by a Native community in order to be a shareholder.

  1. 25
  2. 50
  3. 75
  4. 10

8. You must be born on or before _____________ to be an Alaskan Native shareholder.

  1. January 1, 1991
  2. December 18, 1971
  3. January 1, 1976
  4. December 18, 1991

9. The State of Alaska was able to resume selecting a total of _________ acres after the ANCSA legislation.

  1. 44 million
  2. 80 million
  3. 103 million
  4. 60 million

10. A corporation share is ____________

  1. similar to a birth certificate
  2. legal title to a portion of land
  3. owned only by Alaskan Natives
  4. part ownership of a business

II. True or False

  1. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act was the largest settlement of Native land claims ever made by the U.S. Government.
  2. Before ANCSA, the State of Alaska was one of the poorest states in the nation.
  3. Alaskan Natives have received, on average, about $6,000 as a result of ANCSA.
  4. Alaskan Natives, as a group, are the major private landholder in the state of Alaska.
  5. The discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay had an effect on the settlement of Native land claims in Alaska.
  6. One provision of ANCSA says that the regional Native corporations must share 30 percent of their profits on timber and subsurface sales with the other regional corporations.
  7. Regional and village corporations have received all of the land they are entitled to under the provisions of ANCSA.
  8. Lands selected by Native corporations under the provisions of ANCSA cannot be taxed until twenty years after conveyance.
  9. ANCSA provided that stock in Native corporations may be sold to anyone after 1991.
  10. Native corporations are subject only to federal rules and regulations relating to corporations.

III. Define the Following Terms in Relation to ANCSA

21. Aboriginal Rights

22. Compromise

23. Corporation

24. New Natives

25. Subsistence

IV. Fill in the answers below

26. Name two legal documents which support Native land claims.

27. Identify three unresolved 1991 Issues facing Alaskan Natives.

28. What are two options which have been suggested to resolve these issues?

29. Who were the five major parties involved in ANCSA legislation?