UNIT THREE: Specific Provisions of ANCSA
The Annotated ANCSA
by Paul Ongtooguk

Name: Date:
Teacher: Grade:

The following questions relate to the Annotated ANCSA by Paul Ongtooguk. These questions should be reviewed prior to reading the annotations. Please take time to think about your answers. These questions and your written responses will form the basis of class discussion on this article. The questions follow the order of the reading.

1. Define archaeologists.


2. Define anthropologists.


3. What legal concept did Alaskan Natives use to establish claims to Alaskan lands?


4. Who were the principal parties involved in shaping ANCSA?



December 18, 1971

5. The author believes that December 18, 1971 might be the most important date in Alaska since statehood. What date would you choose? Why?


Declaration of Policy

6. Why are Native corporations considered not to be permanent racially defined institutions?


7. According to many people, corporations served as preferable options to ________



8. Define the Aleut Provision.


9. According to Section 3 (c), how many Alaskan Natives must live in the same location to qualify as a village?


10. What two sets of controls guide Native corporations?


Declaration of Settlement

11. How does Section 4 (b) relate to subsistence?


12. There are two viewpoints on Section 4 (b); which do you agree with and why?



13. What is another term used to describe New Natives?


Alaska Native Fund

14. What is the relationship between the Alaska Native Fund and propaganda?


Regional Corporations

15. Section 7 relates to regional corporations. Mr. Ongtooguk says that these were created so that Alaskan Natives could choose their own direction or future. What term does he use to describe this choice?


16. Section 7 (b) specifies that no fewer than seven corporations may exist. Who introduced the idea of one corporation previously?


17. Section 7 (h) speaks about stock being alienated. What is another word for alienated?


18. According to the present conditions of ANCSA, on what day will anybody be able to purchase Native corporation stock?


19. What two words best describe the Section 7 (i) requirement on the twelve regional corporations?


20. Why is the 13th Regional Corporation excluded from the Section 7 (i) provision?


21. According to Section 7 (i), the corporation generating resource revenues ultimately receives what percentage of the net profits?


Withdrawal of Public Lands

22. For what two reasons could a community become ineligible for land benefits, according to Section 11 (b) (2)?


Conveyance of Lands

23. Based upon Section 14 (a), how many acres would a Native village of 155 people receive through ANCSA?


24. According to Section 14 (h) (5), if a Native applied by August 15, 1972, for land that they had moved to on September 15, 1971, would the application be honored?


25. Five principal parties have been identified regarding ANCSA. Which do you believe was most concerned with Section 17 (d) (2)?


Revocation of Reservations

26. Identify the ten reserves/reservations extinguished by Section 19 (a) below.



27. What change to taxation in Section 21 (d) occurred through the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act?



28. What is the right of first refusal?


29. Mr. Ongtooguk said earlier that self-determination is being able to determine one's future or choose one's own direction. If you were charged with this leadership in a small community, what would be important? Make a list of those things you would want to control.