A LONG WAY FROM HOME

EFFECTS OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS ON VILLAGE CHILDREN AWAY FROM HOME

Judith Kleinfeld, Ed.D.

Joseph Bloom, M.D.
Consulting Psychiatrist

Center for Northern Educational Research

and

Institute of Social, Economic and Government Research
University of Alaska

 

CONTENTS

PREFACE
AUTHOR'S PREFACE
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION

Purpose
Methods

Selection and Sample Size
Evaluating Effects of Schools

CHAPTER TWO. BETHEL REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Influences of Town Environment
Influences of Disturbed Companions
Boarding Home Families
The Bethel Regional Dormitory
The School Program, 1971-72
The Bethel Regional High School, 1972-73

The New Program
Failure of the Program
Bad Teachers Are Not the Problem

Summary

CHAPTER THREE. BELTZ BOARDING SCHOOL/NOME-BELTZ REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Beltz Boarding School in 1971-72

The School Program
The Dormitory
Peer Group Socialization
Attitudes Learned in Boarding School Socialization

The Nome-Beltz Regional High School 1972-73

Increase in External Stress
School Politics
Effects on Students
Decrease in External Restraints
Entrenchment of Drinking, Violence, and Antiwhite Feelings as Peer Group Norms

Summary

CHAPTER FOUR. THE ANCHORAGE BOARDING HOME PROGRAM

Graduates of the Program
Effects of Entering Freshmen

School-Related Social and Emotional Problems
Academic Progress
Attitude Changes

The Boarding Home Families

Characteristics of Successful Boarding Home Parents

The School Program
Summary

CHAPTER FIVE. VILLAGE HIGH SCHOOLS

Drop-Out and School-Related Social and Emotional Problems
Achievement Gains in Basic Skills
Breadth of Academic Program
Teacher Morale and Evaluations of Village High Schools
Would Four-year Village High Schools Be Adequate?
Program Possibilities for Village High Schools

Travel Programs to Increase Awareness of Opportunities
Senior Year Transitional Programs
Extracurricular Activities to Develop Confidence and Responsibility

Summary

CHAPTER SIX. IDENTITY FORMATION IN ALTERNATIVE HIGH SCHOOLS

How School Programs Can Facilitate Successful Identity Formation

Presenting Clear Values and Directions in Harmony with Those of the Village
A Personalized School Climate with Extensive, Intimate Teacher-Student Relationships
Peer Group Support for School Values and Goals

Summary

CHAPTER SEVEN. DEVELOPMENT OF THE CURRENT RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOL SYSTEM

Availability as the Basis of the Secondary School Program
Large Regional High School Concept

Administrative Chaos

Present Policy Directions
Summary

CHAPTER EIGHT. RECOMMENDATIONS POLICY FOR RURAL SECONDARY EDUCATION

Boarding Home and Dormitory Programs Should Be Closed Down in Towns with High Levels of Social Problems
Public Boarding Schools Should Be Closed
The Urban Boarding Home Program Should Remain Open for Academically Inclined Village Students
Area High Schools Would Offer Fewer Benefits than Village High Schools

Village Junior High Schools Alone Will Not Solve Students' Social and Emotional Problems

High School Programs Should Be Established in Each Village
Summary

APPENDIX I. Methodology: Evaluating High Schools

APPENDIX II. Social and Emotional Problems of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX Ill. Drop-Out and Transfer of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX IV. Change of Achievement Test Scores of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX V. Courses and Grade Point Averages of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX VI. Attitudes of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX VII. Background of Village Students in Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX VIII. Follow-up Studies of Graduates from Alternative High School Programs

APPENDIX IX. Projected Village High School Enrollments

 

Library of Congress No. 73-620228
ISBN 0-88353-011-2
Series: ISEGR Report No. 38

Published by
Center for Northern Educational Research
and
Institute of Social, Economic and Government Research
Fairbanks, Alaska
1973


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