|History of Alaska Native Education K-12 Course Reading List|
|I. Course Description
Provides students with an introduction to the traditional preparation of Alaska Natives for Adult roles in society and contrasts this system with the western institutions of education introduced into Alaska Native communities. We will examine the assumptions of both education systems. We will also explore how schools have impacted and responded to Alaska Native communities and interests. The roles of teachers and parents, as well as the relationship between schools and communities are considered..II. Course Design
A. Useful for senior level education students and/or certified teachers and graduate students. This course can be applied to meet the Department of Education Alaska Studies requirement.
B. 3.0 credits
C. Total time of student involvement:
1. 45 contact hours
2. 90 hours (minimum) of outside work
D. Elective credit
E. There are no fees associated with this course.
III. Course Activities
This course will be delivered primarily through the use of lecture and class discussion.
IV. Course Prerequisites/Co-requisites
Admission to a baccalaureate degree program; admission to the School of Education; certified public school educator.
V. Course Evaluation
1. Grading is A-F.
2. Grades are based on attendance, participation in class discussion, written examinations, papers, and appropriate curriculum projects.
VI. Content Outline
1. Summary of Alaska Native people and history: pre-contact
Social, political, cultural, geographical.
2. Alaska Native Education: Traditional practices
Myths and realities
Cycle of living vs. "wandering Natives"
-- compiled from the recorded words of elders by R. Sampson and A. Newlin
in the late 1970's
ESKIMOS, A Cycle of Life in Nature, a book by James K. Wells, Alaska Methodist
University Press, 1974.
3. Alaska Native Education: An Iņupiat example
Hunting skill development and partners
Weather prediction and survival
World view concerning animals and other persons
Perspective for living
A WAY OF LIFE -- Written by Tupou L. (Qipuk) Pulu, Ruth Ramoth-Sampson,
and Angeline Newlin. From information provided by David (Umigluk) Frankson
and Dinah (Aviq) Frankson of Point Hope, Alaska.
OF TRADITIONAL ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION by Paul Ongtooguk.
OF KAUWERAK, Legends of the Northern Eskimo, by William A. Oquilluk.
4. Alaska Native Education: Fragmented windows
OF HARM'S WAY: RELOCATING NORTHWEST by James H. Ducker.
5. Russian history in Alaska
Orthodox theology and education
6. Protestant and Catholic influences
Zones of influence
SHELDON JACKSON IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: ALASKA NATIVE SCHOOLS AND MISSION CONTRACTS, 1885-1894 by Steven W. Haycox. Link: http://www.alaskool.org/native_ed/articles/s_haycox/sheldon_jackson.htm
REINDEER IN ALASKA - Excerpts from "Reindeer in Alaska," Seymour Hadwen, Chief Veterinarian and Parasitologist, and Lawrence J. Palmer - 1922. Link:http://www.alaskool.org/projects/reindeer/history/usda1922/AKRNDEER.html#top
Meat - REINDEER MEAT FOR AMERICAN MARKETS by Frank G. Carpenter, 1928.
IN ALASKA'S SCHOOLS: ALASKA YESTERDAY By Stephen Haycox.
7. U.S. and Alaska
History of U.S. contact
Federal Indian Policy
Legal and historical background
Act of 1872
Journey: The Report of the Alaska Native Review Commission Thomas R. Berger
8. Mission contract schools to U.S. Bureau of Education and BIA schools
of Wales School.
REPUBLICS OF THE ARCTIC! by Frank G. Carpenter, 1928.
9. Alaska History: 1920's-1950's
World War II
The Cold War in Alaska
Alaskan Teacher by Elizabeth L. von Beck, 1997.
WWII Segregation Alaska http://www.alaskool.org/projects/ak_military/men_of_tundra/men_of_tundra.htm#beam
10. Alaska Native Education 1920's to the 1950's
Language and cultural policies
Expansion of residential BIA schools
Inupiaq Language policy http://www.alaskool.org/language/inupiaqhb/Inupiaq_Handbook.htm
11. Alaska in the 1960's and 70's
Indian Self - Determination Act
12. Alaska Native Education: 1960's and 70's
Regional Boarding Schools
Why the Natives Have a Claim http://www.alaskool.org/projects/ancsa/w_hensley.htm
Founding of NANA http://www.alaskool.org/projects/native_gov/Hensley_Intro.htm
ANCSA Juneau Empire http://www.juneaualaska.com/Project/index.html
13. Alaska Native Education: 1980's -2000
Small rural high schools
Alaska Native educators
Higher education and Alaska Natives
Alaska Studies and teacher preparation
14. What is to be done?
New models, persistent issues
Drop out rates
Preparation for ?
Investigate an aspect of Alaska school policy and it's impact on Alaska Native education. Be sure to make an argument. Include primary documents. Include the guiding assumptions of the policy and the intended and unintended consequences. Discuss current changes or alternatives to that policy. Be sure to describe relevant historical context.
I am most concerned here about clarity and ease of reading. The writing should be to imagined relative who is college educated but not an educator. Include an annotated bibliography of at least five sources. Be sure to make an argument about your perspective and evidence for and against it. Minimum seven pages and a maximum of twelve.
Best papers are detailed, thoughtful, clearly written and argued. They move quickly into the nature of the investigation and the question at hand. The paper includes a sense of the discovery of evidence, confusions and the refining of questions as well as the tentative conclusions.
Papers with a short coming of evidence, a lack of a clear argument, no sense of refining the issues and questions, poor and/or inconsistent footnoting or lacking an annotated bibliography will not grade as well. I encourage the submission of drafts early in the class - first to a classmate, then to me.
A final exam may held at discretion of the Instructor.
Reading response essays will be a regular part of the class. One to two pages in length.