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Land Claims

"What Rights to Land Have the Alaska Natives?: The Primary Question" - May, 1966

FOOTNOTES - Click number of footnote to return to "What Rights To Land Have the Alaska Natives?: The Primary Issue"

1          “The Village People”, the Anchorage Daily News, 1966, p.III

2          Alaska’s Population & Economy Statistical Handbook, Vol. II. P. 7. (University of Alaska) 1903.

3          George W. Rogers, The Future of Alaska, John Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 1962. pg. 63.

4          Alaska’s Population & Economy Analysis, Vol. I, pg. 52. University of Alaska, 1963.

5          Treaty of Cession, Article 3.

6          The Executive Documents of the House of Representatives, 1st Sess., 52nd Congress, 1891-92. Vol. 16, Report of the Governor of Alaska, pp. 496-97.

7          The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Vol. XXXIII, 1730-1887, San Francisco, A.C. Bancroft & Co., 1886, p 609.

8          William L. Hensley, The Administration of Indian Affairs, p. 2 (Unpublished manuscript).

9          Melvin Crain, Governance for Alaska, Some Aspects of Representation (1957)  (Doctoral Thesis), p. 265.

10        Conditions in Alaska, Hearings Before the Subcommittee of The Committee on Territories, Report number 28, Part 2, 58th Congress 2nd Session, pg 144.

11        Ernest Gruening, The State of Alaska, (Ransom House, Inc., New York), 1954, pg. 51.

12        Act of May 17, 1884, Sec. 8, 23 Stat. 26.

13        34 Stat. 197, (Native Allotments).

14        Alaska’s Population & Economy Statistical Handbook, Vol. II, pg. 7, The total white population of Alaska grew from 430 in 1880 to 4298 in 1890, while that of the Native population declined from 32,996 to 25,354 in the same period.

15        Johnson v. Pacific Coast Steamship Co., 2 Alaska 224.

16        Delaware Tribe of Indians v. United States, US 130 ct. cl. 782 (1963).

17        United States v. Lynch, 7 Alaska 568, (1927).

18        Op. Cit. Gruening, pg. 376.

19        United States v. Cadzow, 5 Alaska 125, (1914)

20        Op. Cit., Gruening, pg. 362, The Act of May 17, 1906 (41 Stat. 1059).

21        “Occupancy on The Public Lands”, Native Allotments, 43 CFR 2212, Circular #2185, Department of Interior, pg. 6.

22        Ibid.

23        United States v. Cadzow, 5 Alaska 125 (1914).

24        United States v. Lynch, 7 Alaska 568 (1927).

25        In renaturalization of John Minook, 2 Alaska 200 (1904)

26        Op. Cit. Crain, P. 293.

27        The Bureau of Land Management and The Realty Office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had no compiled statistics readily available on Native land holdings.

28        “Townsites on The Public Lands,” Circular #2162, Department of the Interior, pg. 2.

29        Ibid, pg. 13

30        Interview with Bowman Hinckley, Information Officer of the Bureau of Land Management, Fairbanks. May 11, 1966.

31        Op. Cit., Crain.

32        United States v. City of Kodiak, 15 Alaska 566, 132 F. Supp, 574

33        Digest of Decisions of The Department of Interior in Cases relating to the public lands. Vol. 59, inclusive edited by Elsie Kimball, G.P.O. Washington, D.C. 1962, pg. 474.

34        48 Stat. 984

35        Op. Cit., Gruening, pg. 304.

36        The Subcommittee was composed of Senators Dillingham, Nelson, Burnham, and Patterson. Their report is listed as Report #282, part 2, 58th Congress, Conditions in Alaska.

37        Ibid., pg. 193.

38        Ibid., pg. 202-203.

39        Ibid., pg 164.

40        Op Cit., Crain, pg. 304.

41        Hynes v Grimes Packing Co., 12 Alaska 348, 69 S.C.T. 968.

42        Ibid., Hynes v. Grimes Packing Co.

43        Decisions of the United States Department of the Interior, January to December, 1968, Vol 70, 6 PO, 1964.

44        Tee-Hit-Ton Indians v. United States, 348 US 272, 75 S. CT. 813 99 L. Ed. 314.

45        Constitution of Alaska, Art. 12, Sec. 12

46        72 Stat. 339.

47        Alaska Statehood Act, Sec. 4

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