Crow in Alaska
Listen to a personal narrative
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Abstract: This article describes the important role William Paul had in the securing of Native voting rights in Alaska. Haycox discusses the voters literacy law and cites inequities associated with its usage in other states in the US
Abstract: This article by Stephen Haycox outlines the historical problems of segregation in Alaskan schools. He explains the struggle towards integration.
Abstract: "The Beam in Thine Own Eye" is a first hand document of racial injustice and segregation in Alaska. A young Native girl living in Nome was the subject of extreme segregation and through her fighting back she brought the matter to the attention of the public.
Abstract: A book by Karl A. Olsson, "By One Spirit", contains this interesting story about the Number Nine Mine and the battle of its ownership.
Abstract: This executive order pressed the eventual desegregation of the United States military. In doing so it greatly expanded the opportunities of Asian-Americans, Blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans in the services. It was also the one of the first major cracks in the wall of legal segregation at the Federal level. For Alaska Natives it meant new opportunities including more slots for training as N.C.O.'s and officers and a wider range of occupations in the military opening up. For the country as a whole it would have been an odd circumstance for Army airborne units, enforcing the integration of the schools in Little Rock, had they still been racially segregated units.
Abstract: Ernest Gruening was a key person in the fight to end segregation in Alaska. In this article Donn Liston highlights the life and accomplishments of Gruening and explains several issues Natives faced during his time.
Abstract: Extract from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, September 21, 1887. Included are policies such as mandatory use of English in all schools in under Bureau control and other policies affecting Native Americans, including Alaska Natives.
Photo of "All White Help" restaurant and various government documents
Photographs and documentation on racism in Alaska
Abstract: Archived photographs of the Native and non-Native schools in Juneau and Nome
1953 Warranty DeedAbstract: This list of restrictions regarding property rights was drafted in 1948 for a subdivision called Airport Heights in Anchorage, Alaska. Included is an article which excludes all non-whites from owning property in the area, as with many others in Alaska.
Mining Act of 1872Abstract: Another deed which outlines property ownership and dwelling rights in Alaska. This Warranty Deed applies to a tract in the Turnagain Heights Subdivision and article 5 clearly declines any ownership or dwelling to those non-whites except in the case of servants employed by the owners.
Abstract: The Act passed by the U.S. Forty-Second Congress in May of 1872 outlines the rules and regulation involved with land and load claims. In Section 1 it is stated that only U.S. citizens may claim land and loads, excluding Natives from their own properties.
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